This is Lisbon’s largest square built at the end of Baixa on the waterfront because the Marquis de Pombal wanted a wide square that stood out in the whole of Europe. All streets in Baixa will lead you here. There is a large bronze statue of Dom Joao I (18th century) and the Arch of Rua Augusta and one of the city’s legendary cafes, Café Martinho da Arcada. It dates from 1782 and was a favourite of poets Fernando Pessoa and Almeida Garrett and of novelist Eça de Queiroz.
It was once the site of the Royal Palace which was destroyed in the large earthquake in 1755.
The city’s main Information Tourist centre can be found here.